Village of West Salem, Ohio

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Village of West Salem

Drinking Water Consumer Confidence Report

For 2019



The West Salem Water Department has prepared the following report to provide information to you, the consumer, on the quality of our drinking water.  Included within this report is general health information, water quality test results, how to participate in decisions concerning your drinking water and water system contacts.


Source Water Information


The West Salem Water Department receives its drinking water from wells owned and operated by the Village of West Salem located within the Killbuck Creek aquifer system.


The West Salem Water Department also has an emergency connection with the Lorain Rural Water.  During 2019 we used 0 gallons from this connection. This report does not contain information on the water quality received from Lorain Rural Water, but a copy of their consumer confidence report can be obtained by contacting Rural Lorain County Water Authority 440-355-5121.

The State has performed an assessment of our source water in 2010 and revised in 2015. It was determined that the aquifer supplying drinking water to the Village of West Salem has a moderate susceptibility to contamination. This conclusion is based on the presence of a moderately thick protective layer of clay overlying the aquifer, no evidence to suggest that ground water has been impacted by any significant potential contaminant sources in the protection area. Please call Cody Pitsenbarger 330-465-7449 if you would like more information about the assessment.


 What are the sources of Contamination to drinking water?

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.


Contaminants that may be present in source water include:  (A) Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife; (B) Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; (C) Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses; (D) Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban Strom water runoff, and septic systems; (E) Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.


In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, USEPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.


Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Federal Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).


Who needs to take special precautions? 

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population.  Immuno-compromised persons, such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infection.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).


 About your drinking water.


The EPA requires regular sampling to ensure drinking water safety.  The West Salem Water Department conducted sampling for bacteria, Lead and Copper, Disinfection By-products, Nitrate, and Volatile Organic Chemicals during 2019.



Table of Detected Contaminants


Listed below is information on those contaminants that were found in the Village of West Salem drinking water.


Table of Detected Contaminates



Lead educational information 

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.  Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing.  The Village of West Salem is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components.  When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791or at  


License to Operate (LTO) Status Information

  In 2019 we had an unconditioned license to operate our water system.


Public Participation Information


How do I participate in decisions concerning my drinking water?


Public participation and comment are encouraged at regular meetings of the Village of West Salem which meets the 2nd Wednesday of every month at 6:00pm. For more information on your drinking water contact Cody Pitsenbarger 330-465-7449


 Definitions of some terms contained within this report. 


Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG):  The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.


Maximum Contaminant level (MCL):  The highest level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.


Parts per Million (ppm) or Milligrams per Liter (mg/L) are units of measure for concentration of a contaminant.  A part per million corresponds to one second in a little over 11.5 days.


Parts per Billion (ppb) or Micrograms per Liter (μg/L) are units of measure for concentration of a contaminant.  A part per billion corresponds to one second in 31.7 years.


Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG):  The level of drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.


Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL):  The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.   


Action Level (AL):  The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.


 The “<”symbol: A symbol which means less than.  A result of <5 means that the lowest level that could be detected was 5 and the contaminant in that sample was not detected.


Picocuries per liter (pCi/L): A common measure of radioactivity