Village of West Salem, Ohio


Incorporated 1865


Village of West Salem Drinking Water Consumer Confidence Report for 2018

Is my water safe?


We are pleased to present this year's Annual Water Quality Report (Consumer Confidence Report) as required by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). This report is designed to provide details about where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies. This report is a snapshot of last year's water quality. We are committed to providing you with information because informed customers are our best allies.


Do I need to take special precautions?


Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Water Drinking Hotline (800-426-4791).


Where does my water come from?


The Village of West Salem receives its drinking water from wells owned and operated by the Village of West Salem Located within the Killbuck Creek aquifer system. In 2018 the Village of West Salem had an unconditional license to operate our water system.


The West Salem Water Department also has an emergency connection with Lorain Rural Water.  During 2018 we used 0 gallons from this connection. This report does not contain information on the water quality received from Lorain Rural Water, but a copy of their consumer confidence report can be obtained by contacting Rural Lorain County Water Authority 440-355-5121

Source water assessment and its availability


The State has performed an assessment of our source water in 2010 and revised in 2015. It was determined that the aquifer supplying drinking water to the Village of West Salem has a moderate susceptibility to contamination. This conclusion is based on the presence of a moderately thick protective layer of clay overlying the aquifer, no evidence to suggest that ground water has been impacted by any significant potential contaminant sources in the protection area.Please call Cody Pitsenbarger 330-465-7449 if you would like more information about our assessment.


Why are there contaminants in my drinking water?


Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791). The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity:
microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses; organic Chemical Contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems; and radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.


How can I get involved?


Public participation and comment are encouraged at regular meetings of the Village of West Salem, which meets the 2nd Wednesday of every month at 6:00 pm. For more information about your drinking water contact Cody Pitsenbarger 330-465-7449





Water Conservation Tips


Did you know that the average U.S. household uses approximately 400 gallons of water per day or 100 gallons per person per day? Luckily, there are many low-cost and no-cost ways to conserve water. Small changes can make a big difference - try one today and soon it will become second nature.

Take short showers - a 5 minute shower uses 4 to 5 gallons of water compared to up to 50 gallons for a bath.

Shut off water while brushing your teeth, washing your hair and shaving and save up to 500 gallons a month.

Use a water-efficient showerhead. They're inexpensive, easy to install, and can save you up to 750 gallons a month.

Run your clothes washer and dishwasher only when they are full. You can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.

Water plants only when necessary.

Fix leaky toilets and faucets. Faucet washers are inexpensive and take only a few minutes to replace. To check your toilet for a leak, place a few drops of food coloring in the tank and wait. If it seeps into the toilet bowl without flushing, you have a leak. Fixing it or replacing it with a new, more efficient model can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.

Adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered. Apply water only as fast as the soil can absorb it and during the cooler parts of the day to reduce evaporation.

Teach your kids about water conservation to ensure a future generation that uses water wisely. Make it a family effort to reduce next month's water bill!

Visit www.epa.gov/watersense for more information.


Additional Information for Lead


If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Village of West Salem is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.



Water Quality Data Table

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of contaminants in water provided by public water systems. The table below lists all of the drinking water contaminants that we detected during the calendar year of this report. Although many more contaminants were tested, only those substances listed below were found in your water. All sources of drinking water contain some naturally occurring contaminants. At low levels, these substances are generally not harmful in our drinking water. Removing all contaminants would be extremely expensive, and in most cases, would not provide increased protection of public health. A few naturally occurring minerals may actually improve the taste of drinking water and have nutritional value at low levels. Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done in the calendar year of the report. The EPA or the State requires us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not vary significantly from year to year, or the system is not considered vulnerable to this type of contamination. As such, some of our data, though representative, may be more than one year old. In this table you will find terms and abbreviations that might not be familiar to you. To help you better understand these terms, we have provided the definitions below the table.


Contaminants MCLG
or
MRDLG MCL,
TT, or
MRDL Detect In
Your Water Range Sample
Date Violation Typical Source

    Low High    

Disinfectants & Disinfection By-Products

(There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants)

Chlorine (as Cl2) (ppm) 4 4 .996 .4 1.7 2017 No Water additive used to control microbes

Haloacetic Acids (HAA5) (ppb) NA 60 8.35 NA 10.6 2017 No By-product of drinking water chlorination

TTHMs [Total Trihalomethanes] (ppb) NA 80 47.78 36.3 54.9 2017 No By-product of drinking water disinfection

Inorganic Contaminants

Fluoride (ppm) 4 4 1.29 .54 1.8 2018 No Erosion of natural deposits; Water additive which promotes strong teeth; Discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories


Contaminants MCLG AL Your
Water Sample
Date # Samples
Exceeding AL Exceeds AL Typical Source

Inorganic Contaminants

Copper - action level at consumer taps (ppm) 1.3 1.3 .134 2018 0 No Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits

Inorganic Contaminants

Lead - action level at consumer taps (ppb) 0 15 0 2018 0 No Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits



Unit Descriptions

Term Definition

ppm ppm: parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/L)

ppb ppb: parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (µg/L)

NA NA: not applicable

ND ND: Not detected

NR NR: Monitoring not required, but recommended.


Important Drinking Water Definitions

Term Definition

MCLG MCLG: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

MCL MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

TT TT: Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

AL AL: Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Variances and Exemptions Variances and Exemptions: State or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions.

MRDLG MRDLG: Maximum residual disinfection level goal. The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

MRDL MRDL: Maximum residual disinfectant level. The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

MNR MNR: Monitored Not Regulated

MPL MPL: State Assigned Maximum Permissible Level


For more information please contact:

Contact Name: Cody Pitsenbarger
Phone: 330-465-7449